What are Cardiovascular Diseases?

Cardiovascular diseases are generally referred to as heart sickness caused by a group of disorders of the heart and blood vessels. It usually affects the structures of your heart by showing some signs of abnormal heart rhythms, narrowing the arteries through which the blood flows, pulmonary embolism, and deep vein thrombosis. Sometimes it is caused by congenital heart disease, muscular pain within the heart, peripheral and vascular diseases, stroke or it can be genetic ailments. To prevent this disease it is necessary to learn about the health of your heart to help prevent it. When you learn about your problem, it will help you to live a healthier life by learning about your disease and taking care of yourself.

What are the indications of heart diseases?

Frequently it can be witnessed that there are no symptoms of the underlying disease of the blood vessels. A heart attack or stroke may be the first sign of underlying disease. However, there are some signs which entails are:-

  • A twinge in the centre of the chest.
  • Distress in the arms, the left shoulder, elbows, jaw, or back.
  • Sudden weakness of the face, arm, or leg, most often on one side of the body.
  • Trouble in walking, dizziness, and or loss of balance or coordination.

Heart diseases are dominated by their symptoms which cannot be cured properly and can be fatal at a later stage of life:-

Rheumatic heart disease:

A type of disease caused by damage to the heart valves and heart muscle from the inflammation and scarring caused by rheumatic fever. This fever is caused by an abnormal response of the body to infection with streptococcal bacteria, which usually begins as a sore throat or tonsillitis in children. Its warnings include shortness of breath, fatigue, irregular heartbeats, chest pain, and fainting.

Narrowing’s of the heart vessels:

Some fatty plaques in your arteries or atherosclerosis can damage your blood vessels and heart. Plaque build-up causes narrowed or blocked blood vessels that can lead to a heart attack, chest pain (angina), or stroke. Coronary artery disease will show its symptoms until you have a heart attack, angina, stroke, or heart failure. Artery disease symptoms may be different for men and women. For instance, men are more likely to have chest pain.


In this condition, the early stage shows no symptoms but as it worsens it shows dizziness, light-headedness, and fainting and can be pernicious during the last stage.

Effects during the change of season:

During summer there is increased fluid loss through sweat which is missing in winters so on the contrary, it can be seen that some studies suggest the chances of a person suffering from a heart attack goes up nearly 33 percent during winters because of low temperature constricts the blood vessels which in turn increases blood pressure and aggregates blood clotting process, Vitamin D deficiency is also common in winter which also contributes to cardiovascular disease. Air pollution and physical inactivity are also reasons for the rise in heart attacks during winter. Since the temperatures drop, the blood vessels tighten and blood flow speeds up to help stay warm that is why the blood pressure is often higher in colder seasons, opine cardiologists.

Cardiac medications:

According to specialists, medications prescribed in the wake of a cardiac event can aid in recovery and work to prevent another stroke or heart attack. If you’re a caregiver, make it your responsibility to help your loved one take medications as directed and on time. Educate yourself about the medications that your loved one must take. Know what those medicines do and what their goal is.